Matatyahu 20:1-16 “For the reign of the heavens is like a man, a householder who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. (2) “And when he had agreed with the workers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard. (3) “And he went out about the third hour and saw others standing idle in the market-place, (4) and said to them, ‘You too go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I shall give you.’ And they went. (5) “Having gone out again about the sixth and the ninth hour, he did likewise. (6) “And about the eleventh hour, having gone out, he found others standing idle, and said to them, ‘Why do you stand here idle all day?’ (7) “They said to him, ‘Because no one hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You too go into the vineyard, and whatever is right you shall receive.’ (8) “And when evening came, the master of the vineyard said to his manager, ‘Call the workers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last to the first.’ (9) “And when those came who were hired about the eleventh hour, they each received a denarius. (10) “And when the first came, they thought they would receive more. But they too received each a denarius. (11) “And when they received it, they grumbled against the householder, (12) saying, ‘These last have worked only one hour, and you made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the heat of the day.’ (13) “But he answering, said to one of them, ‘Friend, I do you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius? (14) ‘Take yours and go. But I wish to give to this last man as also to you. (15) ‘Is it not right for me to do what I wish with my own? Or is your eye evil because I am good?’ (16) “Thus the last shall be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few chosen.”
Matatyahu 22:15-22 Then the Pharisees went and plotted how to trap Him in His words. (16) And they sent to Him their taught ones with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that You are true, and teach the way of Aluahim in truth, and it does not concern You about anyone, for You are not partial to any man. (17) “Then say to us, what do You think? Is it right to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?” (18) But knowing their wickedness, YAHUSHUA said, “Why do you try Me, you hypocrites? (19) “Show Me the coin of the tax.” And they brought Him a denarius. (20) And He said to them, “Whose likeness and inscription is this?” (21) They said to Him, “Caesar’s.” And He said to them, “Then give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to Aluahim what is Aluahim’s.” (22) And having heard, they marvelled, and left Him and went away. (Ref. Mark 12:13-17)
Luke 20:19-26 And the chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on Him in the same hour, but they feared the people, for they knew that He had spoken this parable against them. (20) And keeping a close watch on Him, they sent spies who pretended to be righteous, to catch Him in a word, in order to deliver Him to the rule and to the authority of the governor. (21) So they asked Him, saying, “Teacher, we know that You say and teach rightly, and You are not partial to any, but teach the way of Aluahim truly, (22) “Is it right for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?” (23) But perceiving their craftiness, He said to them, “Why do you try Me? (24) “Show Me a denarius. Whose likeness and inscription does it have?” And they answering, said, “Caesar’s.” (25) And He said to them, “Then give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to Aluahim what is Aluahim’s.” (26) And they were unable to catch Him in a saying in the presence of the people, and marvelling at His answer, they were silent.
Note: A denarius is an ancient Roman coin made of silver. It was struck from circa 211 BCE to 270 CE. One denarius was a day’s wage for common laborers and Roman soldiers. It was also the coin used by the Yahudim to pay taxes (tribute) to the Roman government.